5 edition of The exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains found in the catalog.
The exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains
John Charles FrГ©mont
Reprint. Originally published: Report of the exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the years 1843-"44, 1845. With new introd.
|Statement||John C. Frémont ; with an introduction by Herman J. Viola and Ralph E. Ehrenberg.|
|Series||Exploring the American West|
|LC Classifications||F592 .F874 1988|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xv, 319 p.,  leaves of plates :|
|Number of Pages||319|
|LC Control Number||87051511|
Beyond question she added elegant touches and gave variety to his vocabulary, but the reports are close-knit transcripts of his own ideas and experience, and resemble nothing that Jessie ever wrote. We reached the river at the mouth of a large slough, which we were unable to ford, and made a circuit of several miles around. An Indian brought in a large fish to trade, which we had the inexpressible satisfaction to find was a salmon- trout; we gathered round him eagerly. They proved to be Cheyennes--two men, and a boy of thirteen.
A-C, for example, would indicate a quarto volume composed of three signatures or gatherings of eight pages each for a total of 24 pages. Three principal objects were indicated, by report or by maps, as being on this route; the character or existence of which I wished to ascertain and which I assumed as landmarks, or leading points, on their projected line of return. In this form we journeyed, looking more as if we belonged to Asia than to the United States of America. The document read like an adventure story and, in perusing it, many a reader traveled west vicariously.
It will be remembered that we had parted near the frontier of the states, and that he had subsequently descended the valley of Lewis's fork, with a party of ten or twelve men, with the intention of crossing the intermediate mountains to the waters of the Bay of San Francisco. They are dark-skinned, but handsome and intelligent Indians, and live principally on acorns and the roots of the tule, of which also their huts are made. In comparison with the Indians of the Rocky mountains and the great eastern plain, these are disagreeably dirty in their habits. The elevation of the Platte valley above the sea is here about two thousand feet. In the afternoon we were surprised by the sudden appearance in the camp of two Mexicans--a man and a boy. Here we ceased to hear the Shoshonee language--that of this man being perfectly unintelligible.
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The river was high, divided into several arms, with a rocky island at its outlet into the Columbia, which at this place it rivalled in size, and apparently derived its highly characteristic name, which is received from one of its many falls some forty miles up the river.
Its latitude and longitude may be considered that of our last encampment, only a few miles distant. The exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains book to this point the road we had traveled was a remarkably fine one, well beaten, and level-- the usual road of a prairie country.
Our road to-day had nothing in it of interest; and the country offered to the eye only a sandy, undulating plain, through which a scantily-timbered river takes its course. The undulating river shore was shaded with the live-oaks, which formed a continuous grove over the country, and the same grassy sward extended to the edge of the water, and we made our fires near some large granite masses which were lying among the trees.
From the place at which we had encountered the Arapahoes, the Platte had been tolerably well fringed with timber, and the island here had a fine grove of very large cottonwoods, under whose broad shade the tents were pitched.
Although in California we had met with people who had passed over this trail, we had been able to obtain no correct information about it; and the greater part of what we had heard The exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains book found to be only a tissue of falsehoods.
The night was cold, and partially clear. Men in such cases generally act from instinct, and a charge from three hundred naked savages is a circumstance not well calculated to promote a cool exercise of judgment. The rocks belong to agglomerated masses, which form the immediate ground of the cascades, and have been already mentioned as constituting a bed of cemented conglomerate rocks, appearing at various places along the river.
All were armed with rifles or The exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains book guns; and, in addition to these, Maxwell and myself were furnished with excellent pistols.
Gooseberries, nearly ripe, were very abundant in the mountains; and as we passed the dividing grounds, which were not very easy to ascertain, the air was filled with perfume, as if we were entering a highly cultivated garden; and, instead of green, our pathway and the mountain sides were covered with fields of yellow flowers, which here was the prevailing color.
When we had finished, our host asked a number of questions relative to the object of our journey, of which I made no concealment; telling him simply that I had made a visit to see the country, preparatory to the establishment of military posts on the way to the mountains.
From the belt of wood which borders the Kansas, in which we had passed several good-looking Indian farms, we suddenly emerged on the prairies, which received us at the outset with some of their striking characteristics; for here and there rode an Indian, and but a few miles distant heavy clouds of smoke were rolling before the fire.
Cheerfulness, readiness, subordination, prompt obedience, characterized all; nor did any extremity of peril and privation, to which we were afterwards exposed, ever belie, or derogate from, the fine spirit of this brave and generous commencement.
At 10 o'clock we passed a rock island, on the right shore of the river, which the Indians use as a burial ground; and halting for a short time, about an hour afterwards, at the village of our Indian friends, early in the afternoon we arrived again at the Dalles.
Cyprian Chouteau, to whose kindness, during our stay at his house, we were much indebted, accompanied us several miles on our way, until we met an Indian, whom he had engaged to conduct us on the first thirty or forty miles, where he was to consign us to the ocean of prairie, which, we were told, stretched without interruption almost to the base of the Rocky Mountains.
It had a very singular appearance to us at a distance, especially when looking with the glass. The next day the men returned with the mule. In making a short turn to the south, the river forms the cascades in breaking over a point of agglomerated masses of rock, leaving a handsome bay to the right, with several rocky, pine-covered islands, and the mountains sweep at a distance around a cove where several small streams enter the bay.
To-night we had no shelter, but we made a large fire around the trunk of one of the huge pines; and covering the snow with small boughs, on which we spread our blankets, soon made ourselves comfortable. A brief examination of the ground convinced us that they had been driven off by the Indians.
Crossing on the way several Pawnee roads to the Arkansas, we reached, in about twenty-one miles from our halt on the Blue, what is called the coast of the Nebraska, or Platte river.
The evening was very fine, and I remained up to take astronomical observations, which made our position in latitude 40 deg.
We gave him skins to make a new pair, and to enable him to perform his undertaking to us. It had been constantly represented, as I have already stated, that the bay of San Francisco opened far into the interior, by some river coming down from the base of the Rocky mountains, and upon which supposed stream the name of Rio Buenaventura had been bestowed.
The principal stream still running through an impracticable canon, we ascended a very steep hill, which proved afterwards the last and fatal obstacle to our little howitzer, which was finally abandoned at this place.Download The Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, Oregon and California pdf File size: MB What's this?
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The Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains Oregon and California; To Which is added a Description of the Physical Geography of California with Recent Notice of the Gold Region from the Most Authentic Sources, George H.
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